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Implementing a new system call in Kernel version 2.6.32

A system call is used by application or user programs to request service from the operating systems. Since the user programs does not have direct access to the kernel whereas the OS has the direct access. OS can access the hardware through system calls only.The following files has to be modified for implementing a system call/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/include/linux/syscalls.h/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/MakefileNew set of files to be createdCreate a new directory newcall/ inside the path “/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/” Create new files Makefile, newcall.c and put them in the /usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/newcall/ folder Create new user files (in any folder of Linux) to test the system call
testnewcall.c, testnewcall.h (created in /home/pradeepkumar) syscall_table_32.S Find the file /usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S and add the following line at the end
"…

Installing TexLive 2019 in Ubuntu 18.04

Installation of TexLive 2019 in Linux (Ubuntu 18.04 LTS)
TeX (Tech)

Installation of TexLive 2019

Please watch the video for full installation



I used .iso file to download, the Total size is 3.3GB for Linux,

and i used the torrent file to download, it took me just 20 min to download the entire .iso file

Extract the .iso file to a folder and open a terminal

$] sudo ./install-tl
(it goes into a terminal mode, which is faster compared to the GUI Mode)

$] sudo ./install-tl -gui
after the installation, set the PATH, MANPATH and INFOPATH as suggested by LATEX

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/texlive/2019/bin/x86_64-linux
export MANPATH=/usr/local/texlive/2019/texmf-dist/doc/man
export INFOPATH=/usr/local/texlive/2019/texmf-dist/doc/info

put these lines in to the /home/pradeepkumar/.bashrc

$] gedit /home/pradeepkumar/.bashrc
We have installed TexLive 2019 and texstudio.

To install texstudio

$] sudo apt install texstudio
The look and feel of TexStudio looks like this image.


texlive, it install everyt…

Installing Kali Linux 2019 along with Windows 10

Kali Linux along with Windows 10 Kali Linux 2019.
For Detailed Instructions: Please follow the Video Link
Step 1: Have a pen drive or USB Drive of minimum 8GB (16GB Pendrive) Format it to FAT32 Partition. Step 2: Check your Disk Drive Properties. MBR or GPT Master Boot Record, GPT- GUID Partition Table. See the following image, It shows the partition style as "Master Boot Record"
Step 3: Download bootable Software (RUFUS). Its a powerful USB bootloader creator software. rufus works only with windows. See the following image for rufus window.


Use of DD Mode is preferred instead of ISO Model for Kali Linux (Else you might get an error like CD ROM Detection during installation...).
Use dd MODE as given in the following figure
Step 4: Reboot the system and bring the bootloader. Rebooting now... Step 5 : Press F12 or ESC or F1 as per the Laptop model you have. There will be two options: USB HDD or EFI (Select accordingly). In My case, I have selected USB HDD. Select Graph…