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Decimal (BCD) Adder Design involves the following things

- 4bit input to 4 bit adder with A (A3 to A0) and B (B3 to B0)
- It produces output S3’ S2’ S1’ S0’ (if this number is greater than 9 (1001) then 0110 is added to it and sent to the next 4 bit adder.
- For adding 0110, a carry is generated C
_{N}which is fed back as one of the input to the second 4 bit adder. - Finally the output is S3 S2 S1 S0.If C
_{N}=0 then 0000 is added to the second 4bit adder else if C_{N}=1 then 0110 is added to the 4 bit adder.

**VHDL Program**

library ieee;

use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;entity adder is

port(

a,b: in bit_vector(3 downto 0);

ci: in bit;

s:inout bit_vector(3 downto 0);

f:out bit_vector(3 downto 0);

cout1:inout bit;

cout2:out bit);

end adder;entity fulladder is

port(

x,y,cin:in bit;

sum,carry:out bit);

end fulladder;architecture full of fulladder is

begin

sum <= x xor y xor cin;

carry <= ((x xor y )and cin) or (x and y);

end full;architecture bpadder of adder is

signal c,ca:bit_vector(3 downto 1);

signal k:bit_vector(1 downto 0);component fulladder

port(

x,y,cin:in bit;

sum,carry:out bit);

end component fulladder;begin

FA0 :fulladder port map(a(0),b(0),ci,s(0),c(1));

FA1 :fulladder port map(a(1),b(1),c(1),s(1),c(2));

FA2 :fulladder port map(a(2),b(2),c(2),s(2),c(3));

FA3 :fulladder port map(a(3),b(3),c(3),s(3),cout1);

k(1) <= cout1 or (s(1)and s(3)) or (s(2) and s(3));

k(0)<='0';

SFA0 :fulladder port map(s(0),k(0),ci,f(0),ca(1));

SFA1 :fulladder port map(s(1),k(1),ca(1),f(1),ca(2));

SFA2 :fulladder port map(s(2),k(1),ca(2),f(2),ca(3));

SFA3 :fulladder port map(s(3),k(0),ca(3),f(3),cout2);

end bpadder;

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