Skip to main content

Recompiling Linux Kernel

How to add a new kernel to linux OS and compile it and use it, the following points discusses that.
Step 1: Download a new kernel from kernel.org (recent version is 2.6.33)
Step 2: you may get the file either as a .tar.bz2 file  or .tar.gz file
Step 3: untar the file in the /usr/src directory (for installing you need to be a root user)
if it is a bz2 file, then execute tar jxvf filename.tar.bz2 –C /usr/src
if it is a gz file, then execute tar zxvf filename.tar.gz –C /usr/src
Step 4: go to the folder /usr/src using the command cd /usr/src

Step 5: Execute the following 
    Execute any one of the following command
  • make config (for text mode)
  • make menuconfig
  • make xconfig (for X window)
  • make gconfig (this command is preferred)
Step 6: make  (will take atleast 30 minutes to complete, be patient)
Step 7: make modules
Step 8: make modules_install
Step 9: make install
Once done, reboot the system, your grub loader is updated with one more kernel.
(NB: in the previous flavors of linux, the following are the set of commands
  • make xconfig
  • make dep
  • make
  • make bzImage
  • make modules
  • make modules_install
  • make install    )



Comments

  1. Implementing a new system call in Kernel version 2.6.32 « Pradeepkumar.org26 January 2010 at 19:31

    [...] Recompiling Linux Kernel [...]

    ReplyDelete
  2. Implementing a new system call in Kernel version 2.6.32 « Pradeepkumar.org4 March 2010 at 16:40

    [...] the new system call Step 1: Recompile and install the new kernel so that our system call becomes available to the operating system. go to the kernel folder and give [...]

    ReplyDelete

Post a comment

Popular posts from this blog

Installing TexLive 2019 in Ubuntu 18.04

Installation of TexLive 2019 in Linux (Ubuntu 18.04 LTS)
TeX (Tech)

Installation of TexLive 2019

Please watch the video for full installation



I used .iso file to download, the Total size is 3.3GB for Linux,

and i used the torrent file to download, it took me just 20 min to download the entire .iso file

Extract the .iso file to a folder and open a terminal

$] sudo ./install-tl
(it goes into a terminal mode, which is faster compared to the GUI Mode)

$] sudo ./install-tl -gui
after the installation, set the PATH, MANPATH and INFOPATH as suggested by LATEX

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/texlive/2019/bin/x86_64-linux
export MANPATH=/usr/local/texlive/2019/texmf-dist/doc/man
export INFOPATH=/usr/local/texlive/2019/texmf-dist/doc/info

put these lines in to the /home/pradeepkumar/.bashrc

$] gedit /home/pradeepkumar/.bashrc
We have installed TexLive 2019 and texstudio.

To install texstudio

$] sudo apt install texstudio
The look and feel of TexStudio looks like this image.


texlive, it install everyt…

Implementing a new system call in Kernel version 2.6.32

A system call is used by application or user programs to request service from the operating systems. Since the user programs does not have direct access to the kernel whereas the OS has the direct access. OS can access the hardware through system calls only.The following files has to be modified for implementing a system call/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/include/linux/syscalls.h/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/MakefileNew set of files to be createdCreate a new directory newcall/ inside the path “/usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/” Create new files Makefile, newcall.c and put them in the /usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/newcall/ folder Create new user files (in any folder of Linux) to test the system call
testnewcall.c, testnewcall.h (created in /home/pradeepkumar) syscall_table_32.S Find the file /usr/src/linux-2.6.32.5/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S and add the following line at the end
"…

Electrical Machine Design (equations)

FactorsDC Machine Transformers Induction Machines Synchronous MachinesOutput EquationPa=CoD2Ln, where Pa=P/h for generators, Pa=P for motorsFor Single Phase
Q=2.22 f Bm Ai Kw Aw d10-3
For Three Phase
Q=3.33 f Bm Ai Kw Aw d 10-3Q=CoD2 L ns
KVA Input Q=
HP * 0.746 / Cos f * hQ=CoD2 L ns
KVA Input Q=
HP * 0.746 / Cos f * h
For Turbo alternators
Q=1.11Bavac KwsVa2 L 10-3/nsOutput CoefficientCo=Bav ac* 10-3where Bav-magnetic loading and ac - electric loadingDNACo=11 Kws Bav ac 10-3Co=11 Kws Bav ac 10-3 Choice of Magnetic LoadingFlux Density in Teeth Frequency of Flux Reversals Size of machineDNAMagnetizing current, Flux Density, Iron lossIron loss, Stability, Voltage Rating, Parallel Operation, Transient ShortCircuit current Choice of Electric LoadingTemperature rise,
speed of machine, Voltage, Armature reaction, CommutationDNAOverload Capacity, Copper losses, Temperature rise, Leakage ReactanceCopper loss, Synchronous reactance, Temperature rise, Stray Load losses,
Voltage rating Flux …